Resisting the tobacco fatwa: Strengthening the networking with Indonesian Muslim communities
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Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
School of Strategic and Global Studies, Universitas Indonesia, Jakarta, Indonesia
Department of Public Health, Faculty of Sports Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Malang, Indonesia
Green Crescent Indonesia, Surabaya, Indonesia
Tobacco Control Support Center, Jakarta, Indonesia
Department of Health Admnistration and Policy, Faculty of Public Health Universitas Airlangg, Surabaya, Indonesia
Publication date: 2021-09-02
Corresponding author
Hafid Algristian   

Universitas Nahdlatul Ulama Surabaya, Surabaya, Indonesia
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2021;19(Suppl 1):A32
It has long been known that some Muslim scholars in Indonesia provided fatwas to allow smoking. This fatwa was taken for granted as one of excuse that the Indonesian Government not to be strict with the cigarette industry. This fatwa was not responded positively by some of another scholar, but their voices were rarely heard.

This study aims to analyze the attitudes and behavior of Muslim scholars on tobacco counter issues as a background for making a distinct review of the fatwa.

The population was representative of several Islamic boarding schools (IBS) in East Java Province, which is the basis of Nahdlatul Ulama, one of the largest Muslim organizations in Indonesia. The research consisted of four steps. The first step was conducting mini-seminars to collect a multicultural perspective on tobacco issues including fatwas. The second step was conducting joint in-house seminars with speakers from the highest clerics of two large IBS in East Java (IBS Tebuireng, Jombang, and IBS Lirboyo, Kediri), as a role model for young clerics in smaller IBS. The third step was creating a focused group discussion with young clerics as well as snowballing the tobacco issues at smaller IBS. The last step was to carry out an anonymous survey to measure the impact of the counter issues.

The overall result was succeeded to conduct a multifactorial analysis and create a predictive formula to assess the level of resistance of the Muslim community to the fatwa on smoking, to look the possibility to make a distinct review of the fatwa.

This research is able to provide a snowball effect on fatwas on cigarettes, thus to ring the bell of the Indonesian Government that the fatwa should be reviewed by involving larger Muslim scholars with the most updated information about tobacco and the most ethical manner.

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