REVIEW PAPER
Youth tobacco use cessation: 2008 update
Steve Sussman 1, 2  
,  
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Departments of Psychology, Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, University of Southern California, Alhambra, USA
2
Department of Preventive Medicine, Institute for Health Promotion and Disease Prevention Research, University of Southern California, Alhambra, USA
Publish date: 2009-01-30
 
Tobacco Induced Diseases 2009;5(January):3
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
In this paper, an empirical review of 64 teen tobacco use cessation studies is provided. Examined include program contents, delivery modalities, number of contacts, and expected quit rates. In addition, means of recruitment and retention of smokers in programming are discussed. Also, promising contemporary methods of teen smoking cessation are examined, including use of pharmacologic adjuncts, electronic technology, and cigarette price increases (and no smoking policy). Conclusions are made regarding implications for developing and implementing teen tobacco use cessation programs.
 
REFERENCES (60)
1.
Fiori MC, Bailey WC, Cohen SJ, Dorfman SF, Goldstein MG, Gritz ER, Heyman RB, Jaen CR, Kottke TE, Lando HA, Mecklenburg RE, Mullen PD, Nett LM, Robinson L, Stitzer ML, Tommasello AC, Villejo L, Wewers ME: Treating tobacco use and dependence. Clinical practice guideline. U.S. DHHS, PHS. 2000, Rockville, MD.
 
2.
Sussman S, Ames SL: Drug abuse: Concepts, prevention and cessation. 2008, Cambridge University Press, New York, NY.
 
3.
Johnston LD, O'Malley PM, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE: Monitoring the Future national survey results on drug use, 1975–2006. Volumes I and II: Secondary school students 2006; College students & Adults Ages 19–45 2006. National Institute on Drug Abuse (NIH Publication Nos. 07-6205 and 07-6206). 2006, Bethesda, MD.
 
4.
Bell B: International Consultation on Tobacco and Youth [ICTY]. What in the world works? 28–30 September 1999, Singapore, Final conference report. World Health Organization. 1999, Geneva, Switzerland.
 
5.
The Global School Health Initiative and Health and Human Development Programs: Improving health through schools: National and international strategies. World Health Organization. 1999, Geneva, Switzerland.
 
6.
Burt RD, Peterson AV: Smoking cessation among high school seniors. Preventive Medicine. 1998, 27: 319-327. 10.1006/pmed.1998.0269.
 
7.
Gervais A, O'Loughlin J, Dugas E, Eisenberg MJ, Wellman RJ, DiFranza JR: A systematic review of randomized controlled trials of youth smoking cessation interventions. Drogues, sante et societe. 2007, 6 (Supplement II): ii1-ii26.
 
8.
Sirichotiratana N, Techatraisakdi C, Sujirarat D, Rahman K, Warren CW, Jones NR, Asma S, Lee J: Linking Global Youth Tobacco Survey (GYTS) data to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: The case for Thailand. Report for WHO-Southeast Asia Regional Office. 2005, Bangkok, Thailand.
 
9.
Sithole EGV: Global school-based health survey Zimbabwe 2003. Ministry of Health and Child Welfare. 2003, Harare, Zimbabwe.
 
10.
Sussman S, Sun P, Dent CW: A meta-analysis of teen tobacco use cessation. Health Psychology. 2006, 25: 549-557. 10.1037/0278-6133.25.5.549.
 
11.
Swart D, Reddy P, Pitt B, Panday S: The prevalence & determinants of tobacco-use among Grade 8–10 learners in South Africa. National Health Promotion Research & Development Group Medical Research Council, MRC. 2001, Cape Town, South Africa.
 
12.
Warren CW, Riley L, Asma S, Eriksen MP, Green L, Blanton C, Loo C, Batchelor S, Yach D: Tobacco use by youth: a surveillance report from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey project. Bulletin of the World Health Organization. 2000, 78: 868-876.
 
13.
Mermelstein R: Teen smoking cessation. Tobacco Control. 2003, 12: i25-i34. 10.1136/tc.12.suppl_1.i25.
 
14.
Sussman S, Lichtman K, Ritt A, Pallonen U: Effects of thirty-four adolescent tobacco use cessation and prevention trials on regular users of tobacco products. Substance Use & Misuse. 1999, 34: 1469-1505. 10.3109/10826089909039411.
 
15.
Sussman S: Effects of sixty six adolescent tobacco use cessation trials and seventeen prospective studies of self-initiated quitting. Tobacco Induced Diseases. 2002, 1: 35-81.
 
16.
McDonald P, Colwell B, Backinger CL, Husten C, Maule CO: Better practices for youth tobacco cessation: Evidence of review panel. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2003, 27: S144-S158.
 
17.
Garrison MM, Christakis DA, Ebel BE, Wiehe SE, Rivara FP: Smoking cessation interventions for adolescents: A systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2003, 25: 363-367. 10.1016/S0749-3797(03)00213-7.
 
18.
Backinger CL, Fagan P, Matthews E, Grana R: Adolescent and young adult tobacco prevention and cessation: Current status and future directions. Tobacco Control. 2003, 12: iv46-iv53. 10.1136/tc.12.suppl_4.iv46.
 
19.
Grimshaw GM, Stanton A: Tobacco cessation interventions for young people. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. 2006, 4.
 
20.
Moolchan ET, Robinson ML, Ernst M, Cadet JL, Pickworth WB, Heishman SJ, Schroeder JR: Safety and efficacy of the nicotine patch and gum for the treatment of adolescent tobacco addiction. Pediatrics. 2005, 115: 407-414. 10.1542/peds.2004-1894.
 
21.
Chan CW, Witherspoon JM: Health risk appraisal modifies cigarette smoking behavior among college students. Journal of General Internal Medicine. 1988, 3 (6): 555-559. 10.1007/BF02596099.
 
22.
Lipkus IM, McBride CM, Pollak KI, Schwartz-Bloom RD, Bloom PN, Tilson E: A randomized trial comparing the effects of self-help materials and proactive telephone counseling on teen smoking cessation. Health Psychology. 2004, 23: 397-406. 10.1037/0278-6133.23.4.397.
 
23.
Robinson LA, Weg Vander MW, Riedel BW, Klesges RC, McLain-Allen B: Start to stop: results of a randomized controlled trial of a smoking cessation programme for teens. Tobacco Control. 2003, 12 (Suppl IV): iv26-iv33.
 
24.
Audrey S, Holliday J, Campbell R: It's good to talk: Adolescent perspectives of an informal, peer-led intervention to reduce smoking. Social Science & Medicine. 2006, 63: 320-334. 10.1016/j.socscimed.2005.12.010.
 
25.
Bloor M, Frankland J, Langdon NP, Robinson M, Allerston S, Catherine A: A controlled evaluation of an intensive, peer-led, schools-based, anti-smoking programme. Health Education Journal. 1999, 58: 17-25. 10.1177/001789699905800103.
 
26.
Hamilton G, Cross D, Resnicow K, Hall M: A school-based harm minimization smoking intervention trial: outcome results. Addiction. 2005, 100: 689-700. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.2005.01052.x.
 
27.
Hancock L, Sanson-Fisher R, Perkins J, Girgis A, Howley P, Schofield M: The effect of a community action intervention on adolescent smoking rates in rural Australian towns: the CART project. Cancer Action in Rural Towns. Preventive Medicine. 2001, 32: 332-340. 10.1006/pmed.2000.0823.
 
28.
Horn K, McGloin T, Dino G, Manzo K, Lowry-Chavis L, Shorty L, McCracken L, Noerachmanto N: Quit and reduction rates for a pilot study of the American Indian Not On Tobacco (N-O-T) program. Preventing Chronic Disease: Public Health Research, Practice, and Policy. 2005, 2: 1-11.
 
29.
Horn K, Dino G, Hamilton C, Noerachmanto N: Efficacy of an emergency department based motivational teenage smoking intervention. Prev Chron Dis. 2007, 4: 1-12.
 
30.
Kentala J, Utriainen P, Pahkala K, Mattila K: Can brief intervention through community dental care have an effect on adolescent smoking?. Preventive Medicine. 1999, 29: 107-111. 10.1006/pmed.1999.0512.
 
31.
Kohler CL, Schoenberger YM, Beasley TM, Phillips MM: Effectiveness evaluation of the N-O-T smoking cessation program for adolescents. American Journal of Health Behavior. 2008, 32: 368-379.
 
32.
Pbert L, Osganian SK, Gorak D, Druker S, Reed G, O'Neill KM, Sheetz A: A school nurse-delivered adolescent smoking cessation intervention: A randomized controlled trial. Preventive Medicine. 2006, 43: 312-320. 10.1016/j.ypmed.2006.04.006.
 
33.
Rodgers A, Corbett T, Bramley D, Riddell T, Wills M, Lin R-B, Jones M: Do u smoke after txt? Results of a randomised trial of smoking cessation using mobile phone text messaging. Tobacco Control. 2005, 14: 255-261. 10.1136/tc.2005.011577.
 
34.
Stoddard AM, Fagan P, Sorensen G, Hunt MK, Frazier L, Girod K: Reducing cigarette smoking among working adolescents: results from the SMART study. Cancer Causes and Control. 2005, 16: 1159-1164. 10.1007/s10552-005-0353-z.
 
35.
Sussman S, Miyano J, Rohrbach LA, Dent CW, Sun P: Six-month and one year effects of Project EX4: A classroom-based smoking prevention and cessation intervention program. Addictive Behaviors. 2007, 32: 3005-3014. 10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.06.016.
 
36.
Yiming C, Changxin Z, Ung WS, Lei Z, Kean LS: Laser acupuncture for adolescent smokers: A randomized double-blind controlled trial. American Journal of Chinese Medicine. 2000, 28: 443-449. 10.1142/S0192415X00000520.
 
37.
Zack SL, Hoffman J, Nemes S, Weil J, Hess L: Participation in a successful and multifaceted teen cessation program. Paper presentation at 2005 National Conference on Tobacco or Health. 2005, Chicago, Illinois.
 
38.
Mermelstein R, Colby SM, Patten C, Prokhorov A, Brown R, Myers M, Adelman W, Hudmon K, McDonald P: Methodological issues in measuring treatment outcome in adolescent smoking cessation studies. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2002, 4: 395-403. 10.1080/1462220021000018470.
 
39.
Sussman S, Dent CW, Lichtman KL: Project EX: Outcomes of a teen smoking cessation program. Addictive Behaviors. 2001, 26: 425-438. 10.1016/S0306-4603(00)00135-0.
 
40.
Cohen J: Statistical power analysis for the behavioral sciences. Lawrence Earlbaum Associates. 1988, Hillsdale, NJ, 2.
 
41.
Hanson K, Allen S, Jensen S, Hatsukami D: Treatment of adolescent smokers with the nicotine patch. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2003, 5: 515-526. 10.1080/14622200307243.
 
42.
Hurt RD, Croghan GA, Beede SC, Wolter TD, Croghan IT, Patten CA: Nicotine patch therapy in 101 adolescent smokers. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine. 2000, 154: 31-37.
 
43.
Killen JD, Robinson TN, Ammerman S, Hayward C, Rogers J, Stone C, Samuels D, Levin SK, Green S, Schatzberg AF: Randomized clinical trial of the efficacy of bupropion combined with nicotine patch in the treatment of adolescent smokers. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology. 2004, 72: 729-735. 10.1037/0022-006X.72.4.729.
 
44.
Muramoto ML, Leischow SJ, Sherrill D, Matthews E, Strayer LJ: Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial of 2 dosages of sustained-release bupropion for adolescent smoking cessation. Archives of Pediatric and Adolescent Medicine. 2007, 161: 1068-1074. 10.1001/archpedi.161.11.1068.
 
45.
Niederhofer H, Huber M: Bupropion may support psychosocial treatment of nicotine-dependent adolescents: Preliminary results. Pharmacotherapy. 2004, 24: 1524-1528. 10.1592/phco.24.16.1524.50953.
 
46.
Roddy E, Romilly N, Challenger A, Lewis S, Britton J: Use of nicotine replacement therapy in socioeconomically deprived young smokers: A community-based pilot randomised control trial. Tobacco Control. 2006, 15: 373-376. 10.1136/tc.2005.014514.
 
47.
Smith TA, House RF, Croghan IT, Gauvin TR, Colligan RC, Offord KP, Gomez-Dahl LC, Hurt RD: Nicotine patch therapy in adolescent smokers. Pediatrics. 1996, 98: 659-667.
 
48.
Sussman S, McCuller WJ, Zheng H, Pfingston YM, Miyano J, Dent CW: Project EX: A program of empirical research on adolescent tobacco use cessation. Tobacco Induced Diseases. 2004, 2: 119-132.
 
49.
Upadhyaya HP, Brady KT, Wang W: Bupropion SR in adolescents with comorbid ADHD and nicotine dependence: a pilot study. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. 2004, 43: 199-205. 10.1097/00004583-200402000-00016.
 
50.
Shelley D, Cantrell J, Faulkner D, Haviland L, Healton C, Messeri P: Physician and dentist tobacco use counseling and adolescent smoking behavior: Results from the 2000 National Youth Tobacco Survey. Pediatrics. 2005, 115: 719-725. 10.1542/peds.2004-0873.
 
51.
Chen H-H, Yeh M-L: Developing and evaluating a smoking cessation program combined with an Internet-assisted instruction program for adolescents with smoking. Patient Education Counseling. 2006, 61: 411-418. 10.1016/j.pec.2005.05.007.
 
52.
Mermelstein R, Turner L: Web-based support as an adjunct to group-based smoking cessation for adolescents. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2006, 8 (Suppl 1): S69-S76. 10.1080/14622200601039949.
 
53.
Patten CA, Croghan IT, Meis TM, Decker PA, Pingree S, Colligan RC, Dornelas EA, Offord KP, Boberg EW, Baumberger RK, Hurt RD, Gustafson DH: Randomized clinical trial of an Internet-based versus brief office intervention for adolescent smoking cessation. Patient Education and Counseling. 2006, 64: 249-258. 10.1016/j.pec.2006.03.001.
 
54.
Rabius V, McAlister AL, Geiger A, Huang P, Todd R: Telephone counseling increases cessation rates among young adult smokers. Health Psychology. 2004, 23: 539-541. 10.1037/0278-6133.23.5.539.
 
55.
Tossman P, Lang P: Predictors for a successful use of an internet-based smoking cessation program for adolescents. Paper presentation at the 13th World conference on Tobacco OR Health. 2006, Washington, D.C.
 
56.
Tauras JA, Chaloupka FJ: Determinants of smoking cessation: An analysis of young adult men and women. Working paper 7262. National Bureau of Economic Research. 1999, Cambridge, MA.
 
57.
Tauras JA: Public policy and smoking cessation among young adults in the United States. Health Policy. 2004, 68: 321-332. 10.1016/j.healthpol.2003.10.007.
 
58.
Chen V, Forster JL: The long-term effect of local policies to restrict retail sale of tobacco to youth. Nicotine & Tobacco Research. 2006, 8: 371-377. 10.1080/14622200600670249.
 
59.
Flay BR: On improving the chances of mass media health promotion programs causing meaningful changes in behavior. Health education by television and radio. Edited by: Meyer M. 1981, Saur, Munich, Germany, 56-89.
 
60.
Milton MH, Maule CO, Yee SL, Backinger C, Malarcher AM, Husten CG: Youth tobacco cessation: A guide for making informed decisions. Department of Health and Human Services, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. 2004, Atlanta, US.
 
 
CITATIONS (41):
1.
Smoking Cessation in Adolescents: targeted approaches that work
Susan Towns, Joseph DiFranza, Geshani Jayasuriya, Tracey Marshall, Smita Shah
Paediatric Respiratory Reviews
 
2.
The TOBg Tobacco Treatment Guidelines for Adolescents: A real-world pilot study
Anastasios Fotiou, Myrto Stavrou, Sophia Papadakis, Panagiotis Behrakis, Constantine Vardavas, Maria Kyriakidou, Sotiria Makaroni, Theodosia Peleki, Vergina Vizikidou, Anna Kokkevi
Tobacco Prevention & Cessation
 
3.
Efficacy of a text messaging (SMS) based smoking cessation intervention for adolescents and young adults: Study protocol of a cluster randomised controlled trial
Severin Haug, Christian Meyer, Andrea Dymalski, Sonia Lippke, Ulrich John
BMC Public Health
 
4.
Update of Adolescent Smoking Cessation Interventions: 2009–2014
Patricia Simon, Grace Kong, Dana Cavallo, Suchitra Krishnan-Sarin
Current Addiction Reports
 
5.
Mixed methods research in tobacco control with youth and young adults: A methodological review of current strategies
Craig Fryer, Elizabeth Seaman, Rachael Clark, Clark Plano, Hiroyoshi Ariga
PLOS ONE
 
6.
Smoking cessation with teenagers: The relationship between impulsivity, emotional problems, program retention and effectiveness
Lena Wegmann, Anneke Bühler, Mareike Strunk, Peter Lang, Dennis Nowak
Addictive Behaviors
 
7.
Efficacy of a smoking cessation program in a population of adolescent smokers in vocational schools: a public health evaluative controlled study
Laetitia Minary, Linda Cambon, Hervé Martini, Nathalie Wirth, Dovi Acouetey, Francine Thouvenot, Céline Maire, Yves Martinet, Abraham Bohadana, Denis Zmirou-Navier, François Alla
BMC Public Health
 
8.
Beyond Reach and Effectiveness
Andrew Anesetti-Rothermel, N. Noerachmanto, Kimberly Horn, Geri Dino
Health Promotion Practice
 
9.
Two-Year Effects of a Classroom-Based Smoking Prevention and Cessation Intervention Program
María Gonzálvez, José Espada, Mireia Orgilés, Steve Sussman
European Addiction Research
 
10.
Smoking Trajectories among Koreans in Seoul and California: Exemplifying a Common Error in Age Parameterization
Jon-Patrick Allem, John Ayers, Jennifer Unger, Veronica Irvin, C. Hofstetter, Melbourne Hovell
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
 
11.
Comparing tailored and untailored text messages for smoking cessation: a randomized controlled trial among adolescent and young adult smokers
L. Skov-Ettrup, L. Ringgaard, P. Dalum, T. Flensborg-Madsen, L. Thygesen, J. Tolstrup
Health Education Research
 
12.
Texting and Mobile Phone App Interventions for Improving Adherence to Preventive Behavior in Adolescents: A Systematic Review
Sherif Badawy, Lisa Kuhns
JMIR mHealth and uHealth
 
13.
Enhanced motivational interviewing versus brief advice for adolescent smoking cessation: Results from a randomized clinical trial
Suzanne Colby, Jessica Nargiso, Tracy Tevyaw, Nancy Barnett, Jane Metrik, William Lewander, Robert Woolard, Damaris Rohsenow, Peter Monti
Addictive Behaviors
 
14.
Are you in or out? Recruitment of adolescent smokers into a behavioral smoking cessation intervention
Johannes Thrul, Mark Stemmler, Michaela Goecke, Anneke Bühler
Addictive Behaviors
 
15.
Studying adolescent smoking in real time: Use of ecological momentary assessment
Chad Gwaltney, Jessica Emerson
Current Cardiovascular Risk Reports
 
16.
Levels of physical dependence on tobacco among adolescent smokers in Cyprus
Costas Christophi, Despina Pampaka, Martha Paisi, Solonas Ioannou, Joseph DiFranza
Addictive Behaviors
 
17.
Efficacy of a Text Message-Based Smoking Cessation Intervention for Young People: A Cluster Randomized Controlled Trial
Severin Haug, Michael Schaub, Vigeli Venzin, Christian Meyer, Ulrich John
Journal of Medical Internet Research
 
18.
Participant- and Study-Related Characteristics Predicting Treatment Completion and Study Retention in an Adolescent Smoking Cessation Trial
Susan Kalkhuis-Beam, Sarah Stevens, Agnieshka Baumritter, Elyse Carlson, Jonathan Pletcher, Daniel Rodriguez, Janet Audrain-McGovern
Journal of Adolescent Health
 
19.
Affective and Situational Precipitants of Smoking Lapses Among Adolescents
Padovano Treloar, Jennifer Merrill, Suzanne Colby, Christopher Kahler, Chad Gwaltney
Nicotine & Tobacco Research
 
20.
Pharmacotherapy for Substance Abuse Disorders in Adolescence
Gabriel Kaplan, Iliyan Ivanov
Pediatric Clinics of North America
 
21.
Behavioral Interventions to Enhance Smoking Cessation
Joseph Ciccolo, Andrew Busch
American Journal of Lifestyle Medicine
 
22.
Scales of Smoking-Related Self-Efficacy, Beliefs, and Intention: Assessing Measurement Invariance among Intermittent and Daily High School Smokers
Kymberle Sterling, Kentya Ford, Haesuk Park, Alfred McAlister
American Journal of Health Promotion
 
23.
Ethnic and Gender Differences in Strategies Used by Adolescents When Attempting to Quit or Reduce Smoking
Ali Yurasek, Leslie Robinson, Gilbert Parra
Journal of Child & Adolescent Substance Abuse
 
24.
Discussions with adults and youth to inform the development of a community-based tobacco control programme
M. Arora, A. Tewari, P. Dhavan, G. Nazar, M. Stigler, N. Juneja, C. Perry, K. Reddy
Health Education Research
 
25.
Immediate and six-month effects of Project EX Russia: A smoking cessation intervention pilot program
Bulat Idrisov, Ping Sun, Leila Akhmadeeva, Thalida Arpawong, Polina Kukhareva, Steve Sussman
Addictive Behaviors
 
26.
Proactive telephone counseling for adolescent smokers: Comparing regular smokers with infrequent and occasional smokers on treatment receptivity, engagement, and outcomes
Jaimee Heffner, Kathleen Kealey, Patrick Marek, Jonathan Bricker, Evette Ludman, Arthur Peterson
Drug and Alcohol Dependence
 
27.
International Translation of Project EX: A Teen Tobacco Use Cessation Program
Steve Sussman
SUCHT
 
28.
Predictors of adolescent smoking cessation and smoking reduction
Severin Haug, Michael Schaub, Holger Schmid
Patient Education and Counseling
 
29.
"Immortal but frightened"-smoking adolescents' perceptions on smoking uptake and prevention
Maria Nilsson, Maria Emmelin
BMC Public Health
 
30.
MobileCoach: A novel open source platform for the design of evidence-based, scalable and low-cost behavioral health interventions: Overview and preliminary evaluation in the public health context
Andreas Filler, Tobias Kowatsch, Severin Haug, Fabian Wahle, Thorsten Staake, Elgar Fleisch
2015 Wireless Telecommunications Symposium (WTS)
 
31.
Post-traumatic growth, stressful life events, and relationships with substance use behaviors among alternative high school students: A prospective study
Thalida Arpawong, Steve Sussman, Joel Milam, Jennifer Unger, Helen Land, Ping Sun, Louise Rohrbach
Psychology & Health
 
32.
mHealth smoking cessation intervention among high-school pupils (NEXit Junior): study protocol for a randomized controlled trial
Kristin Thomas, Marcus Bendtsen, Catharina Linderoth, Ulrika Müssener
Trials
 
33.
Adolescent Smoking Cessation With Bupropion: The Role of Adherence: Table 1.
Scott Leischow, Myra Muramoto, Eva Matthews, Lysbeth Floden, Rachel Grana
Nicotine & Tobacco Research
 
34.
Rauchstopp bei Jugendlichen und jungen Erwachsenen
Anneke Bühler, Johannes Thrul
SUCHT
 
35.
Efficacy of a technology-based, integrated smoking cessation and alcohol intervention for smoking cessation in adolescents: Results of a cluster-randomised controlled trial
Severin Haug, Castro Paz, Tobias Kowatsch, Andreas Filler, Michael Schaub
Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment
 
36.
A Review of Culturally Targeted/Tailored Tobacco Prevention and Cessation Interventions for Minority Adolescents
G. Kong, N. Singh, S. Krishnan-Sarin
Nicotine & Tobacco Research
 
37.
Role of smoking intention in tobacco use reduction: A mediation analysis of an effective classroom-based prevention/cessation intervention for adolescents
María Gonzálvez, Alexandra Morales, Mireia Orgilés, Steve Sussman, José Espada
Addictive Behaviors
 
38.
Rekrutierung, Implementation und Aufhörrate eines Rauchstopp-Kurses für Jugendliche
Anneke Bühler, Lena Wegmann, Annette Schmidt, Johannes Thrul, Mareike Strunk, Peter Lang
SUCHT
 
39.
Veränderungen von Wissen, Einstellungen und Rauchverhalten bei Jugendlichen in Deutschland
B. Orth, J. Töppich
Bundesgesundheitsblatt - Gesundheitsforschung - Gesundheitsschutz
 
40.
Smoking-Cessation Interventions for U.S. Young Adults
Andrea Villanti, Heather McKay, David Abrams, David Holtgrave, Janice Bowie
American Journal of Preventive Medicine
 
41.
Tobacco use in youth with mental illnesses
Tamara DeHay, Chad Morris, Mandy May, Karen Devine, Jeanette Waxmonsky
Journal of Behavioral Medicine
 
eISSN:1617-9625