FCTC implementation gaps - perceptions of policy makers
 
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1
Ghana Health Service, Research and Development Division, Ghana
2
Monash University, Global Public Health, Sch. of Medicine and Health Sciences, Malaysia
Publication date: 2018-03-01
 
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2018;16(Suppl 1):A569
 
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WCTOH
 
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ABSTRACT
Background:
The WHO FCTC is one of the most rapid embracing international treaties in history. Ghana ratified the FCTC in 2004 among the first 40 countries. The COP called on developing Parties and Parties with economies in transition to conduct needs assessments in line with its obligations under the Convention. This study assessed the status, challenges and potential needs from the implementation report. Review information from available sources of information; analysis of the obligations; progress made; gaps that existed and possible actions and recommendations for achieving full implementation.

Methods:
The Needs assessment was jointly conducted by Ghana Government and the Secretariat. It was developed through a consultative process that began with a developing a list of agencies and organizations; pre -briefing to key stakeholders; national conference and consultations with key stakeholders. It provides a detailed article by article analysis of obligations; progress made; gaps that existed and possible actions and recommendations for achieving full implementation.

Results:
A National Tobacco Control Steering Committee has been established to support policy development, advocacy, and advice on effective intervention strategies. Parliament of Ghana approved an increase in tobacco taxes through the passage of the Excise Duty (Amendment) Bill, 2015 into Law. The Bill seeks to amend the first schedule of the Excise Duty Act, 2014 (Act 878) and proposed an increase of the excise duty on cigarettes and cigars. Ghana now has a tobacco control law, a component of the Public Health Act, 2012 (Act 851).

Conclusions:
Establishment of multi- sectoral national coordinating mechanism with a formal mandate from the government. The need to raise public awareness about both the existence and rationale of the Public Health Act, 2012 (Act 851) to support enforcement. It is urgent for Ghana to set up a funding mechanism for implementing the comprehensive Tobacco Control law in line with the Convention.

eISSN:1617-9625