The impact of smoking habits on health status related to non-communicable diseases in Indonesia (secondary data analysis of IFLS 4 and 5)
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Primary Healthcare, North Maluku, Indonesia
Department of Epidemiology, Faculty of Public Health, Universitas Airlangga, Surabaya, Indonesia
Publication date: 2021-09-02
Corresponding author
Santi Martini   

Primary Healthcare, North Maluku, Indonesia
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2021;19(Suppl 1):A129
WHO reports early deaths caused by diseases associated with smoking habits, i.e., cancer, heart disease, liver disease, and stroke reach more than 5 million people each year. Meanwhile, ASEAN is an area with 10% of all world smokers and 20% of the causes of global death due to tobacco. The diseases are categorized as catastrophic diseases. At present, Indonesia is the third-largest number of smokers in the world after China and India with, a consumption of 220 billion cigarettes per year.

The purpose of this study was to analyze the impact of smoking habits on health status related to non-communicable diseases and develop models of the risk of health status related to non-communicable diseases among smokers.

This study uses secondary data from the Indonesia Family Life Survey (IFLS 4 in 2007/2008) and (IFLS 5 in 2014/2015). The population was individuals aged ≥ 18 years recorded in a database of IFLS 4 as smokers and still smoking in IFLS 5, they were 6,015 respondents. The data collected included respondents\\\' characteristics, smoking habits, and chronic conditions.

Bi-variate analysis obtained eight variables, those variabels were age (p = 0.001), gender (p = 0.138), education level (p = 0.000), area of residence (p = 0.000), ethnic (p = 0.029), duration of smoking (p = 0.002), number of cigarettes consumed (p = 0.028), and time interval to start smoking (p = 0.238). There were five variables influencing health status related to non-communicable diseases and the risk model = -3,641 + 0,602 * education (college) + 0,500 * long duration of smoking (>= 10 years) + 0,419 * age (>30 years) + 0,374 * residential area (urban) + 0.202 * ethnic (non-Javanese)

Age, education level, area of residence, ethnicity, and duration of smoking are risk factors for non-communicable diseases among people having smoking habits.

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