RESEARCH PAPER
Country tobacco laws and article 11 of the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: a review of tobacco packaging and labeling regulations of 25 countries
 
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Institute for Global Tobacco Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, USA
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Ayodeji J Awopegba   

Institute for Global Tobacco Control, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Baltimore, MD, USA
Publish date: 2013-11-06
 
Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013;11(November):23
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Urgent, evidence-based tobacco control efforts have been advocated by the WHO through the Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) articles and guidelines. The level of implementation of these guidelines varies by country and region. This paper identifies areas of alignment and non-alignment of country tobacco laws with respect to the FCTC’s article 11 requirements, which lists guidelines for regulating tobacco packaging and labeling.

Methods:
Countries from each of the six WHO regions were ranked by number of smokers and 25 countries were selected, representing countries from all WHO regions with the highest number of smokers. A scoring guide based on the FCTC article 11 requirements was created and used to rank country tobacco laws and assess levels of alignment as well as identify common areas of weakness and strength.

Results:
Across the countries examined, laws were generally strong in mandating the display of health warning messages on the front and back of cigarette packs and cartons. However, they were deficient in prohibiting the display of emission yields, and placing warnings at the top of the principal display area, as well as requiring health messages on tobacco’s negative social and economic outcomes.

Conclusions:
Country tobacco packaging and labeling laws can be strengthened by greater compliance with the FCTC article 11 guidelines.

 
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