Tobacco use by Indian adolescents
RK Chadda 1
More details
Hide details
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Human Behavior & Allied Sciences, Delhi, India
RK Chadda
Department of Psychiatry, Institute of Human Behavior & Allied Sciences, Dilshad Garden, PO Box 9520 Delhi 110095, India
Publish date: 2002-06-15
Tobacco Induced Diseases 2002;1(June):111
Adolescents are the most vulnerable population to initiate tobacco use. It is now well established that most of the adult users of tobacco start tobacco use in childhood or adolescence. There has been a perceptible fall in smoking in the developed countries after realization of harmful effects of tobacco. The tobacco companies are now aggressively targeting their advertising strategies in the developing countries like India. Adolescents often get attracted to tobacco products because of such propaganda. There has been a rapid increase in trade and use of smokeless tobacco products in recent years in the country, which is a matter of serious concern to the health planners. It is important to understand various factors that influence and encourage young teenagers to start smoking or to use other tobacco products. The age at first use of tobacco has been reduced considerably. However, law enforcing agencies have also taken some punitive measures in recent years to curtail the use of tobacco products. This paper focuses on various tobacco products available in India, the extent of their use in adolescents, factors leading to initiation of their use, and the preventive strategies, which could be used to deal with this menace.
Jha P, Chaloupka FJ, eds: Curbing the Epidemic: Governments and the Economics of Tobacco Control. 1999, Washington DC: The World Bank.
Warren CW, Riley L, Asma S, Eriksen MP, Green L, Blanton C, Loo C, Batchelor S, Yach D: Tobacco use in youth: a surveillance report from the Global Youth Tobacco Survey Project. 2000, Bulletin of World Health Organization, 78: 868-876.
Heishman SJ: Tobacco – the once and future addiction: editorial. Addiction. 2001, 96: 1389-1390. 10.1046/j.1360-0443.2001.961013891.x.
Patel DR: Smoking and children. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 1999, 66: 817-24. 10.1007/BF02723844.
Sinha DN, Gupta PC: Tobacco and areca nut use in male medical students of Patna. National Medical Journal of India. 2001, 14: 176-178.
Kapoor SK, Anand K, Kumar G: Prevalence of tobacco use among school and college going adolescents of Haryana. Indian Journal of Pediatrics. 1995, 62: 461-466. 10.1007/BF02755068.
Krishnamurthy S, Ramaswamy R, Trivedi U, Zachariah V: Tobacco use in rural Indian children. Indian Pediatrics. 1997, 34: 923-927.
Venkatraman S, Mukhopadhya A, Muliyil J: Trends of smoking in medical students. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 1996, 104: 316-320.
Vaidya SG, Naik UD, Vaidya JS: Effect of sports sponsorship by tobacco companies on children's experimentation with tobacco. British Medical Journal. 1996, 313 (7054): 375.
George A, Varghese C, Sankaranarayanan R, Nair MK: Use of tobacco and alcoholic beverages by children and teenagers in a low income coastal community in south India. Journal of Cancer Research. 1994, 9: 111-113.
Jayant K, Notani PN, Gulati SS, Gadre VV: Tobacco use in school children in Bombay, India. A study of knowledge, attitude and practice. Indian Journal of Cancer. 1991, 28: 139-147.
Gavarasana S, Doddi VP, Prasad GV, Allam A, Murthy BS: A smoking survey of college students in India: Implications for designing an antismoking policy. Japanese Journal of Cancer Research. 1991, 82: 142-145.
Gavarasana S, Gorty PV, Allam A: Illiteracy, ignorance and willingness to quit smoking among villagers in India. Japanese Journal of Cancer Research. 1992, 83: 340-343.
Singh SK, Narang RK, Chandra S, Chaturvedi PK, Dubey AL: Smoking habits of the medical students. Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences. 1989, 31: 73-75.
Singhi S, Broca JS, Mathur GM: Smoking behaviour of rural schoolboys. Indian Pediatrics. 1987, 24: 655-659.
Sarma PV, Dhand R, Malhotra A, Malhotra S, Sharma BK: Pattern of smoking in north Indian adults. Indian Journal of Chest Diseases and Allied Sciences. 1990, 32: 83-93.
Gupta PC: Survey of sociodemographic characteristics of tobacco use among 99598 individuals in Bombay, India using handheld computers. Tobacco Control. 1996, 5: 114-120. 10.1136/tc.5.2.114.
Colby SM, Tiffany ST, Shiffman S, Niaura RS: Are adolescent smokers dependent on nicotine? A review of the evidence. Drug and Alcohol Dependence. 2000, 59: S83-S95. 10.1016/S0376-8716(99)00166-0.
Hughes JR: Nicotine related disorders. Kaplan & Sadock's Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. Edited by: Sadock BJ, Sadock VI. 2000, Philadelphia, Lippincott: Williams & Wilkins, 7.
Gupta VM, Sen P: Tobacco: the addictive slow poison (editorial). Indian Journal of Public Health. 2001, 45: 75-81.
Greden JF: Caffeine and tobacco dependence. Comprehensive Textbook of Psychiatry. Edited by: Kaplan HI, Freedman AM, Sadock BJ. 1980, Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins, 3.
Chattopadhayya A: Harmful effects of tobacco noticed in history. 1993, Bulletin of Institute of History of Medicine, Hyderabad, 23: 53-58.
Chattopadhayya A: Jahangir's interest in public health and medicine. 1995, Bulletin of Institute of History of Medicine, Hyderabad, 25: 170-82.
United States Public Health Service: Smoking and Health: Report of the Advisory Committee to the Surgeon General of the Public Health Service. 1964, Washington, D.C.: United States Government Printing Office.
Gupta PC, Sinor PN, Bhonsle RB, Pawar VS, Mehta HC: Oral submucous fibrosis in India: a new epidemic?. The National Medical Journal of India. 1998, 11: 113-116.
Bhonsle RB, Murti PR, Gupta PC, Mehta FS: Reverse dhumti smoking in Goa: an epidemiological study of 5449 villagers for oral precarious lesions. The Indian Journal of Cancer. 1976, 13: 301-305.
Gupta PC: Gutka: a major new tobacco hazard in India. Tobacco Control. 1999, 8: 132-10.1136/tc.8.2.132b.
Vaidya SG: Young tobacco users. World Health. 1995, 48: 30.
Kumar S: India steps up anti-tobacco measures. Lancet. 2000, 356 (9235): 1089-10.1016/S0140-6736(05)74536-0.
Ray R: South Asia Drug Demand Reduction Report. 2000, New Delhi: UNDCP Regional Office for South Asia.
Roy M, Chakraborty AK: Smoking and drug abuse among the newly admitted students of medical colleges in West Bengal. Indian Journal of Public Health. 1981, 25: 30.
Sandell J, Singh S, Sati TK, Mehrotra SK: A study of smoking habits of medical students of Uttar Pradesh. Indian Journal of Public Health. 1983, 27: 96-101.
Singh G, Singh R, Jindal KC: Drug abuse among physicians and medical students. Indian Journal of Medical Research. 1981, 73: 594-602.
Mehra J: Reducing Risk Behavior Related to HIV/AIDS, STDs and Drug Abuse among Street Children: National Report. 1996, New Delhi: Ministry of Social Welfare, Government of India.
Rode P, Oswald J: Teens and tobacco in Minnesota. New findings from the Minnesota youth tobacco survey. Minnesota Medicine. 2001, 84: 42-46.
McCusker D: Tobacco use among American Indian/Alaska Native youth in Wisconsin. World Medical Journal. 2001, 100: 40-42.
Moberg DP, Rettammel RJ, Madison WI: Tobacco use trends and correlates among students in the Madison Metropolitan School District. World Medical Journal. 2001, 100: 43-48.
Gupta PC: Tobacco Products Bill 2001: an aid to public health. National Medical Journal of India. 2001, 14: 131-134.
McNeill AD: The development of dependence on smoking in children. British Journal of Addiction. 1991, 86: 589-592. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1991.tb01813.x.
McNeil AD, Jarvis MJ, Stapelton JA, West RJ, Bryant A: Nicotine intake in young smokers: longitudinal study on saliva cotinine concentration. American Journal of Public Health. 1989, 79: 172-175. 10.2105/AJPH.79.2.172.
Breslau N, Kilbey MM, Andreski P: Nicotine dependence and major depression: new evidence from a prospective investigation. Archives of General Psychiatry. 1993, 50: 31-35.
Lynch BS, Bonnie RJ, (eds): Growing up Tobacco Free. Preventing Nicotine Addiction in Children and Youth. 1994, Washington DC: National Academy Press.
Reid D: Teenage drug use. British Medical Journal. 1996, 313: 373.
Swadi H, Zeitlin H: Drug education to school children: does it really work?. British Journal of Addiction. 1987, 82: 741-746. 10.1111/j.1360-0443.1987.tb01540.x.
Nutbeam D, Macaskill P, Smith C, Simpson JM, Catford J: Evaluation of two school smoking education programmes under normal classroom conditions. British Medical Journal. 1993, 306: 102-107. 10.1136/bmj.306.6870.102.
Mudur G: India finalises tobacco control legislation. British Medical Journal. 2001, 322 (7283): 386-10.1136/bmj.322.7283.386.
Bjartveit K, Lund KE: The Norwegian ban on advertising of tobacco products: has it worked?. 1998, Oslo: Norwegian Cancer Society.
Awareness of Harmful Effects of Tobacco – Misinterpretation or Misrepresentation
Abinaya ., Abitha ., Mathew Jacob
Journal of Academy of Dental Education
Prevalence and correlates of smoking among urban adult men in Bangladesh: slum versus non-slum comparison
Md Mobarak Hossain Khan, Aklimunnessa Khan, Alexander Kraemer, Mitsuru Mori
BMC Public Health
Health of South Asians in the United States
Prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among adolescents in the schools of Kalaiya, Nepal: a cross-sectional questionnaire based study
Ravi Kumar Bhaskar, Mukti Narayan Sah, Kumar Gaurav, Subhadra Chaudhary Bhaskar, Rakesh Singh, Manoj Kumar Yadav, Shatrughna Ojha
Tobacco Induced Diseases
Oral health information in the Science, Tamil, and English samacheer textbooks of upper primary and secondary schools in Tamilnadu – A content analysis
Nivedha Subburaman, Madankumar Parangimalai Diwakar, Vivek Vikraman, Mathumathi Ammaiappan, Vijendranath Srinivasan
Journal of Pierre Fauchard Academy (India Section)
Evaluation of PACE (Prevent Addictions through Children’s Education) Tobacco Awareness Program for School Children in Pune and Mumbai
Neeta P. Ghate, Varsha M. Vaidya, Vandana C. Joshi
The Indian Journal of Pediatrics
Smokeless tobacco (paan and gutkha) consumption, prevalence, and contribution to oral cancer
Kamal Niaz, Faheem Maqbool, Fazlullah Khan, Haji Bahadar, Fatima Ismail Hassan, Mohammad Abdollahi
Epidemiology and Health
A Study on Tobacco Use Among School Children
Arun Kurupath, Pankaj Sureka
Community Mental Health Journal
Psychosocial Determinants of Intention to Use Tobacco Among Adolescents in India
Aarti Nagarkar, Swapnil Gadhave
Psychology, Community & Health
Tobacco consumption and its association with illicit drug use among men in Bangladesh
M. M. H. Khan, K. Aklimunnessa, M. A. Kabir, M. Kabir, Mitsuru Mori
Direct access to physiotherapy in primary care: now?—and into the future?
Lesley K Holdsworth, Valerie S Webster
Positive Schooling and Child Development
Shikha Soni, Noufal Hameed
Child Rights Education for Participation and Development
Murli Desai, Sheetal Goel
Buprenorphine/naloxone maintenance for “poppy husk” dependence: A retrospective study
Sai Tikka, Lokesh Singh, Spoorthy Mamidipalli, Ashwathnarayan Purushotham, K. Suchandra
Asia-Pacific Psychiatry