RESEARCH PAPER
The interaction between tobacco use and oral health among tribes in central India
 
 
More details
Hide details
1
Nair Hospital Dental College, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Mumbai, India
Publish date: 2012-10-19
 
Tobacco Induced Diseases 2012;10(October):16
KEYWORDS:
ABSTRACT:
Background:
A study was undertaken to evaluate the effect of tobacco related practices on oral health of tribes in Central India. The use of smokeless tobacco, gutkha & associated products is on the rise amongst the younger generation making oral precancer & cancer a public health concern.

Methodology:
A pioneering study was conducted to evaluate the tobacco related practices amongst tribes and its impact on oral health. The study included 411 tribals of the Baiga group. Guided dialogue techniques and proforma based evaluation formed a part of the study.

Results:
53.04% of individuals between 21 to 40yrs are addicted to deleterious habits. There is a marked consumption (72%) of tobacco & associated products among the geriatric population (60 yrs & above).Insecure livelihoods, malnutrition & increased stress levels contribute to the stark increase of addiction of tobacco related practices.

Conclusions:
The healthcare infrastructure needs to be upgraded to meet the demands of changing disease profile amongst the vulnerable population. Assessment of impact of disease on existing public health would enable formulation of adaptive measures and suggestions for amelioration.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Sunali Khanna   
Nair Hospital Dental College, Maharashtra University of Health Sciences, Mumbai 400008, India
 
REFERENCES (11):
1. Silverman S, Gorsky M, Lorzada F: Oral Leukoplakia and malignant transformation. A follow-up study of 257 patients cancer. Cancer. 1984, 53 (3): 563-568. 10.1002/1097-0142(19840201)53:3<563::AID-CNCR2820530332>3.0.CO;2-F.
2. Silverman S: Demographics and occurrence of oral and pharyngeal cancers. The outcomes, the trends, the challenge. J Am Dent Assoc. 2001, 132 (suppl): 75-165. 10.14219/jada.archive.2001.0382.
3. Lane PM, Gilhuly J, Whitehead P, Zang H, Poh CF, Ng S, et al: Single device for the direct visualisation of oralcavity tissue fluoresence. J Biomed Opt. 2006, 11 (2): 024006-10.1117/1.2193157.
4. Myers JN, Elkins T, Roberts D, Byers RM: Squamous cell carcinoma of the tongue in young adults: increasing incidence and factors that predict treatment outcomes. Otolaryng Head Neck. 2000, 122 (1): 44-518. 10.1016/S0194-5998(00)70142-2.
5. Sherry LP, Jolanta AJ, et al: Oral cancer and cultural factors in Asia. Can J Dent Hygiene. 2008, 42 (6): 291-295.
6. Bhatt AP, Dholakia HM: Mast cell density in oral submucous fibrosis. J Indian Dent Asso. 1977, 49: 187-191.
7. Bhosle RB, Murti PR, et al: Malignant transformation in OSMF over 17 year period. Comm Dent Epidem. 1985, 13: 340-345. 10.1111/j.1600-0528.1985.tb00468.x.
8. Axell T, Pindborg JJ, Smith CJ, Van Der W: Oral white lesions with special reference to precancerous and tobacco related lesions: Conclusions of International Symposium held in Sweden 1994. J Oral Path Med. 1996, 25: 49-54. 10.1111/j.1600-0714.1996.tb00191.x.
9. Pindborg JJ, Murti PR: Oral submucous fibrosis as a precancerous condition. Scan J Dent Res. 1984, 92: 224-229.
10. Khanna S, Karjodkar FR: National survey on oral carcinoma and tobacco abuse: The Indian Scenario. J Indian Acad Oral Med Radiol. 2004, 16 (2): 159.
11. Dangi J, Kinnunen TH, Zavras AI: Challenges in global improvement of oral cancer outcomes: findings from rural Northern India. Tob Induc Dis. 2012, 10: 5-10.1186/1617-9625-10-5.
 
CITATIONS (2):
1. Tobacco Use and Oral Leukoplakia: Cross-sectional Study among the Gond Tribe in Madhya Pradesh
Surendra Kumar, Malaisamy Muniyandi
Asian Pacific Journal of Cancer Prevention
2. The role of tobacco use on dental care and oral disease severity within community dental clinics in Japan
Miki Ojima, Takashi Hanioka, Kaoru Shimada, Satoru Haresaku, Mito Yamamoto, Keiko Tanaka
Tobacco Induced Diseases
eISSN:1617-9625