The comparative analysis of Global Youth Tobacco Survey 2003, 2008, 2014 in the Kyrgyz Republic
 
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1
Ministry of Health of the Kyrgyz Republic, Kyrgyz Republic
2
Republican Centre for Health Promotion, Kyrgyz Republic
3
Public Health Protection Foundation, Kyrgyz Republic
Publish date: 2018-03-01
 
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2018;16(Suppl 1):A794
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WCTOH
 
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ABSTRACT
Background:
The GYTS, a component of the Global Tobacco Surveillance System, is a global standard for systematically monitoring youth tobacco use (smoking and smokeless) and tracking key tobacco control indicators. GYTS is a nationally representative school-based survey among students aged 13 to 15 years. GYTS-Kyrgyzstan was conducted in 2003, 2008 and 2014 by support WHO and CDC USA.

Methods:
GYTS uses a global standardized methodology that includes a two-stage sample design with schools selected. In all GYTS of Kyrgyzstan was used the standard core questionnaire with a set of optional questions that permited adaptation to meet the needs of the country on tobacco use and key tobacco control indicators. In 2003, 4270 students participated in GYTS of Kyrgyzstan, the response rate was 98.8%; in 2008 - response rate - 93.2% (4038 students) and in 2014 the response rate was 85.9%, total - 4273 students participated.

Results:
The comparative analysis of results of GYTS in 2003, 2008 and 2014 shows, that cigarette smoking level among youth- boys aged 13-15 years decreased form 2 times from 2003 to 2014, among girls it decreased from 4% in 2003 to 1% in 2014. However, nasvay (smokeless tobacco) using among boys increased from 3,2% in 2003 to 7,6% in 2014 and among girls from 1% in 2003 to 3% in 2014 or more than 3 times. If 65% of students were exposed to tobacco smoke at home in 2003, in 2014 this level decreased to 13,5%. 73.6% of students definitely thought other people's tobacco smoking is harmful to them. 79.9% of students favor banning smoking inside enclosed public places.

Conclusions:
The results of GYTS 2003, 2008 and 2014 in Kyrgyzstan demonstrated that tobacco control policy in Kyrgyzstan should be changed and nasvay control should be strong same as cigarettes control.It will assist in effective implementation of FCTC in Kyrgyzstan.

eISSN:1617-9625