Smoking cessation in diabetic patients
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National and Kapodistrian University of Athens, Athens, Greece
Evangelismos Hospital, Athens, Greece
Laiko Hospital, Athens, Greece
KELPNO, Athens, Greece
Telesto Ltd, Athens, Greece
Oslo University, Oslo, Norway
Publication date: 2019-10-12
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2019;17(Suppl 1):A31
Smokers with diabetes show higher risk for serious microvascular and macrovascular complications, leading them to greater mortality risk. Moreover because of insulin resistance that nicotine is causing diabetes parameters become worse in smokers. The objective was to identify the characteristics of diabetic smokers that could help increase smoking cessation rates.

We recruited diabetic type II, smokers (searching for diabetic you smoke in the medical files) and motivated them using WHO/ISH risk prediction charts. We assessed nicotine addiction (FNDT), metabolic rate at rest, psychometric parameters (SCL-90), Confidence, motivation, Body weight, glycosylated hemoglobin, BMI, Blood pressure, exhaled CO, CRP, Blood lipids, eating and exercise questionnaires (FFQ, IPAQ 2002). All parameters were measured at the beginning, at the end of the first month at after 3 months. The smoking cessation program is administered by a multidisciplinary team (respiratory physician, endocrinologist, dietician, behavioural psychologist) once a week for the first month and then once a month for the first trimester. All smokers are administered varenicline (free of charge) at the approved dose for 3 months.

From the 20 first diabetic patients that were recruited, 17 (85%-13 men and 4 women) accepted following our smoking cessation program and understood that they would benefit a lot from smoking cessation. At the end of the 3m. 12 (70,5%) had quit smoking without adding weight, all of them had comorbidities (asthma, depression and coronary heart disease). The group was very addicted (Fangerstrom scale:7,8), was smoking more than one pack of cigarette (24.8cig/d) and were motivated to quit (Average motivation scale 1-10:8.6) but not confident (Average confidence scale 1-10: 5.5). These are the first results of a clinical trial of diabetic smokers (total number will be 250smokers) that will be helped to quit using intense behavioural support and varenicline for three months.

We conclude that diabetic smokers can effectively quit using an intense multidisciplinary approach, close follow-up plus varenicline for three months, without adding weight. The specific characteristics of this population will be taken into account in order to ameliorate the program. A web-based approach will be added to smokers that cannot follow the program on site.

Average age (years) 57.6
Average cigarettes/day (before/after) 24.8/3
Average kg (before/after) 82.35/82.85
Average Fangerstrom scale before 7.8
Average motivation (scale 1 to 10) 8.6
Average confidence (scale 1 to 10) 5.5
Average SCL-90 score 77
Average BP Systolic/
Diastolic (mmHg) 124/73
Average HbA1c % 6.5
Average CO ppm (before/after) 18.6/7.17
Table I: Diabetic Type II smokers that took part at an intense smoking cessation program

Helping smokers with diabetes quit: A scoping review of the interventions utilised, and the challenges and barriers to smoking cessation
Joseph Grech, Ian Norman, Roberta Sammut
Primary Care Diabetes