Smokeless tobacco consumption and its consequences on oral health status among the elderly women in selected slum areas of Dhaka city
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Shoccho Foundation, Dhaka, Bangladesh
Rakesh Sarker   

Publication date: 2021-09-02
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2021;19(Suppl 1):A143
The consumption of unburned tobacco, in the form of chewing, spitting, dipping, and snuff. Consumers chew tobacco in the mouth and spit out juice that builds up. Nicotine and other constituents are absorbed in the lining of oral cavity. Smokeless tobacco has a disproportionate impact in some countries and subpopulations. For consuming regular smokeless tobacco, there might be seen a physiological changes to the oral cavity as well as oral health of the users.

To find out the oral health status of smokeless tobacco users among elderly women in a community (urban slum area).

Descriptive type of cross sectional study was conducted upon 213 females from slums of Dhaka named Mohakhali Sattola, Begunbari, Mirpur, Mohammadpur, Sabujbagh and Kamrangir Char with an age group between 30 to 80 years who used smokeless tobacco.

Majority of the respondents (78.40%) were muslim. 89.20% were married and around half of them were illiterate. Maximum respondent’s (65.73%) monthly income was between 5001-15000 BDT. Mother’s habit of 83.57% was smokeless tobacco. Place of taking smokeless tobacco of maximum respondents (60.56%) was at home. The time of consuming smokeless tobacco for 63.85% after meal. 33.33% were using zorda, 15.49% use sadapata, 9.86% use gul, 45.07% start using tobacco for the first time at age of 25-30 years old. One third of respondents regular consumed smokeless tobacco from 6-9 times a day. Only 32.39% who had taken attempt to stop consuming smokeless tobacco. About half of respondents (49.76%) had got advised to stop using smokeless tobacco. Most of them (76.06%) had been facing any oral abnormalities. Among all, 20.37% respondents had gingival problem, 16.05% had both gingival & ulcerative problems, 14.20% had only ulcerative problem.

The data achieved from this study would be helpful in tobacco control and to protect public health.