Relationship between Student Team Achievement Division (STAD) and smoking prevention behavior: Planned behavior theory
More details
Hide details
Faculty of Public Health, University of North Sumatra Medan, Medan, Indonesia
Toghur Arifani Lubis   

Faculty of Public Health, University of North Sumatra Medan, Medan, Indonesia
Publication date: 2021-09-02
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2021;19(Suppl 1):A243
Smoking (cigarette smoke) is the biggest contributor to free radicals in the air and is one of the risk factors for non-communicable diseases (PTM). Especially for teenagers the impact of smoking can affect the brain and causes the possibility of smoking and the continuation of smoking increases compared with nicotine exposure in adults. Based on the theory of planned behavior explained that intervention is part of an information variable that can influence behavior indirectly. The intervention in this study was given by the student team achievement division technique or called STAD.

Therefore this study aimed to analyze the relationship of STAD with smoking prevention behavior based on the theory of planning behavior which consisted of attitudes, subjective norms, perceived behavioral control (PBC), and intentions.

This type of research is a quasi-experiment by giving the student an intervention using the student team achievement division (STAD) technique. It is located in MTS Amin Darussalam, data was collected by a questionnaire on 20 students and analyzed by Chi-Square.

The results showed that there were differences in attitudes (p=0,001), subjective norms (p=0,005) and intentions (p=0,046) between before and after the intervention with STAD but there were no differences in PBC (p=0,059).

student team achievement division may use to intervene students to have a positive attitude, good subjective norms, and strong intentions toward smoking prevention behavior