Prevalence of tobacco consumption among Auto Rickshaw Drivers in Chennai City, Tamil Nadu, India
 
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Tamil Nadu Dr MGR Medical University, Public Health, India
Publication date: 2018-03-01
 
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2018;16(Suppl 1):A269
 
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ABSTRACT
Background:
Tobacco use is a major preventable cause of premature death and diseases. India is the second largest consumer of tobacco in the world. About 29% of adults use tobacco on a daily basis and an additional 5% use it occasionally. This study is contemplated with an aim to assess the prevalence of tobacco consumption and the associated factors involved in its consumption, as this group of the population is under constant pressure and account for the workforce of the country.

Methods:
A Cross sectional descriptive study was conducted among Auto Rickshaw Drivers in Chennai City, who were working for more than two years and present on the day of examination and who were willing to participate in the study were included. Cluster random sampling technique was used. 400 samples were selected from 40 auto stands. Data was collected using a Survey Proforma which comprised of a Questionnaire which can assess the frequency of consumption, age of initiation, the amount of consumption, mental stress, economic factors, any past history of disease and most importantly the awareness towards oral cancer.

Results:
Prevalence among auto rickshaw drivers for consumption of tobacco products was very high (87%). Auto rickshaw drivers were mostly used tobacco in the form of Gutkha (72%) and bidi (40%) in comparison to other products. It also shows that they use cheap tobacco products. Awareness level among auto rickshaw driver was high (70%) but still uses tobacco products because of its addiction (66%). In the opinion of auto rickshaw drivers increase in tax may reduce it consumption and the majority of drivers (70%) think that tobacco must be banned.

Conclusions:
Prevalence of tobacco use among auto rickshaw drivers was very high. Many were suffering from tobacco related diseases like cough, ulcer on mouth, lung disorder. They are in definite need of tobacco cessation activities.

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