Overview of Tobacco Control Progam in Indonesia, 2018
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National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
Directorate of Non Communicable Disease Prevention and Control, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
Mugi Wahidin   

National Institute of Health Research and Development, Ministry of Health, Jakarta, Indonesia
Publication date: 2021-09-02
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2021;19(Suppl 1):A135
Indonesia is facing a problem of high smoking prevalence. One third of Indonesian adult population (60 millions) was active smokers, from 34.7% in 2007, 36.5% in 2013 and 33.8% in 2018. Government of Indonesia has been implementing tobacco control programs, although it did not ratified Framework Convention of Tobacco Control (FCTC).

The study aimed to overview the tobacco control program in Indonesia up to 2018.

This study was descriptive. Secondary data was collected from Directorate of NCD Control and NIHRD, MoH, and other related sources. Steps of activities included literature review, data collection, data management and data analysis.

Ministry of Healh conducted regular health research, including variable of tobacco use in 2007, 2010, 2013, 2016, and 2018. Government of Indonesia have issued smoke free areas policies for minimum at 7 public places. All 34 provinces (100%) issued the provincial policy and 345 out of 514 (67%) did so. There was 234 out of 9909 (2.4%) primary health centers, 414 health professionals, and 337 teachers were trained for smoking cessation since 2014. Quiteline was another cessation program with free toll at 0-800-177-6565 from 8am till 4pm since 2016. Pictorial health warning was implemented for tobacco package since 2014 (40% in the package). There was a limitation of promotion and advertisement in television after 9.30pm with strict criteria and access of information technology for tobaccco only for adult people (18+ years). Meanwhile, tobacco tax (excise) was average 45% from consumer prize, with increase 10% each year. It still below WHO target at minimum of 75%.

Tobacco control program in Indonesia was generally developed following MPOWER-WHO guideline. The program should be increased, strengthened and covered comprehensive aspects of tobacco control to decrease tobacco use.