RESEARCH PAPER
Outcome of a four-hour smoking cessation counselling workshop for medical students
Kurosch Purkabiri 1, 2
,  
Nikola Karl 1, 4
,  
Verena Vedder 1, 5
,  
Anja Rogausch 7, 8
,  
Robert Bals 1
,  
Volker Koellner 10, 11
,  
Jürg Hamacher 1, 6  
 
 
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1
Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Internal Medicine, University Hospitals of Homburg/ Saar, Saarland University, Homburg/Saar, Germany
2
Clinic of Pulmonary Medicine and Respiratory Cell Research, University Hospital Basel, Basel, Switzerland
3
Division of Pain Medicine, Berufsgenossenschaftliches Universitätsklinikum Bergmannsheil GmbH, Bochum, Germany
4
Divison of Internal Medicine, Hospital of Münsingen, Münsingen, Switzerland
5
University Hospital of Psychiatry, Bern, Switzerland
6
Clinic of Internal Medicine, Lindenhofspital, Bern, Switzerland
7
Clinic Sonnenhalde, Riehen, Switzerland
8
Division of Assessment und Evaluation, Institute for Medical Teaching, University of Bern, Bern, Switzerland
9
Department of Cardiology and Pneumology, University Hospital Göttingen, Göttingen, Germany
10
Department of Behavioral Therapy and Psychosomatic Medicine, Rehabilitation Center Seehof, Federal German Pension Agency, Teltow, Germany
11
Medical Faculty, Saarland University Hospitals, Homburg/Saar, Germany
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Jürg Hamacher   

Division of Pulmonary Medicine, Internal Medicine, University Hospitals of Homburg/ Saar, Saarland University, Homburg/Saar, Germany
Publish date: 2016-11-25
 
Tobacco Induced Diseases 2016;14(November):37
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Lack of smoking cessation education in undergraduate medical training hinders healthcare professionals in providing adequate tobacco cessation counselling. We developed a comprehensive 4-h smoking cessation counselling course for medical students that is easy to incorporate in a medical school curriculum, and assessed its short-term outcome for knowledge, skills, and attitudes.

Methods:
Eighty-eight medical students (53f, 35 m) were educated by a doctoral student in five identical 4-h courses. A 45-min theoretical introduction was followed by patient-physician role-playing by student pairs. Knowledge, skills, and attitude were assessed before and 4 weeks after the course by questionnaires, and by blinded analysis of pre- and post-course videos of a five-minute standardized patient situation.

Results:
Knowledge: Before the course 10.6 (mean, SD: 2.7) questions out of 29 were answered correctly, and increased to 19.2 (3.6) after the course (p < 0.0005). Major features of the students’ counselling skills improved. Significant and highly relevant attitude changes reflected increased motivation to counselling smokers.

Conclusions:
Implementing a four-hour smoking intervention workshop into a medical curriculum was highly effective in improving students’ knowledge, skills and attitudes towards smoking counselling, as well as providing them with additional clinical competencies.

 
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