RESEARCH PAPER
Influence of new tobacco control policies and campaigns on Quitline call volume in Korea
Jinju Park* 1
,  
Luu Ngoc Minh* 1, 1
,  
Sang Hwa Shin 2
,  
Jin-Kyoung Oh 1, 2
,  
E Hwa Yun 1, 2
,  
Duckhyung Lee 1, 2
,  
Min Kyung Lim 1, 2  
 
 
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1
Department of Cancer Control and Population Health, Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Republic of Korea
2
Division of Cancer Prevention, National Cancer Control Institute, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Republic of Korea
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Min Kyung Lim   

Department of Cancer Control and Population Health, Graduate School of Cancer Science and Policy, National Cancer Center, Goyang, Republic of Korea
Publish date: 2019-03-22
 
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2019;17(March):21
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
While tobacco control policies have been adopted and enforced, and anti-smoking campaigns have been conducted, the evaluation of their impact on tobacco quitting is lacking in Korea. Therefore, the effectiveness of tobacco control policies and mass media campaigns to encourage use of the Quitline were evaluated by monitoring call volume on Quitline, which has been in operation since 2006, in Korea.

Methods:
Tobacco control policies and mass media campaigns, from 1 January of 2007 to 31 December of 2016, were assessed from the review of government documents and the history of law and regulation changes. The corresponding period incoming call volumes of the Quitline were assesed. The average monthly call volume, when policies and anti-smoking advertising were implemented, was compared with that of the whole year or baseline years (2007 and 2008).

Results:
Peak call volume occurred in 2010 when the Quitline was directly promoted on television. The call volume in the month the TV campaign aired was 5.5 times higher than the average monthly call volume in the year 2010. A relatively gradual rise in call volume was found from 2013 to 2016 when the tobacco control policies and campaigns, such as Quitline number included on cigarette packs, a fearoriented anti-tobacco campaign on mass media, and a tax increase on tobacco was implemented, were introduced sequentially. In that period, the average monthly call volume was about five times higher than in 2007 and 2008.

Conclusions:
Continuous efforts to contribute to tobacco control policies and campaigns by the promotion of the Quitline is a most effective approach to raise quitting attempts. Based on the Korean experience, Quitline data may be useful for assessing the impact of tobacco control policies and campaigns in Asian Pacific countries.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
Authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
FUNDING
This work was funded by the National Cancer Center [proposal number NCC-1660750] and supported by Ministry of Health & Welfare.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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