Correlation between tobacco smoking and dental caries: A systematic review and meta-analysis
More details
Hide details
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, National Clinical Research Center for Oral Diseases, Shanghai, China
Publication date: 2019-10-12
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2019;17(Suppl 1):A66
Tobacco is responsible for infaust oral conditions and many oral diseases. Dental caries is one of the most prevalent oral diseases. The association between tobacco smoking and dental caries has become an important recent topic of research. A systematic review and meta-analysis were conducted to evaluate the association between tobacco smoking and dental caries.

A literature search was conducted in the databases PubMed, EMBASE, Medline and Cochrane, up to December 2018. Original observational articles that estimated relevance between tobacco smoking and dental caries in adults were included. Caries were determined by measurements of decayed, missing or filled teeth (DMFT), or decayed, missing or filled surface (DMFS), or caries-related microflora levels. Trials did not include a non-smoking group,exposure to smokeless tobacco products, or participants under 16 years old.Also, literature reviews, comments, case reports and letters to the editor were not considered. Both methods of systematic review and meta-analysis were adopted. Newcastle-Ottawa Scale (NOS) was used to assess the methodological quality of all the included studies.

Ten out of eleven of the included studies indicated a positive association between tobacco smoking and dental caries. Two meta-analyses were performed: one included five studies using DMFT as an outcome; the other included two studies of DMFS. A random effects model was used. Both were highly heterogeneous (I2=93%, chi-squared p<0.00001; I2=70%, chi-squared p=0.07, respectively) and statistically significant (mean difference, MD=1.20, 95% confidence interval, CI: 0.40–2.00, z-test p=0.003; MD=1.88, 95% CI:0.99–2.77, z-test p<0.0001, respectively). The quality scores of all varied from 7 to 9.

There is a correlation between tobacco smoking and an increased risk of dental caries. However, the overall representativeness of the studies is not good. More prospective and extensive research on this topic is needed to get validation. Even so, it is imperative that people quit tobacco smoking.

Household food insecurity and dental caries in Korean adults
Min Lee, Jeong‐Won Park, Yu‐Jin Kwon
Community Dentistry and Oral Epidemiology
The association between serum 25‐hydroxyvitamin D levels and dental caries in US adults
Fangjing Zhou, Yang Zhou, Jing Shi
Oral Diseases
Self-Reported Oral Health, Oral Hygiene and Associated Factors in Lithuanian Adult Population, 1994–2014
Asta Raskiliene, Vilma Kriaucioniene, Jolanta Siudikiene, Janina Petkeviciene
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Effects of electronic cigarette smoke exposure on oral and systemic health
Almeida-da-Silva Coutinho, Dakafay Matshik, Kenji O’Brien, Dallin Montierth, Nan Xiao, David Ojcius
Biomedical Journal
Prevalence of oral conditions among methamphetamine users: NHANES 2009–2014
Fahad Hegazi, Hesham Alhazmi, Abeer Abdullah, Nora Alamer, Jevae Nelson, Muath Aldosari, Nailah Tillman, Dania Bahdila, Satomi Odani, Israel Agaku, Constantine Vardavas
Journal of Public Health Dentistry
Gender differences in patients with severe dental infections presenting to hospital
Samuel Kent, Alisdair Regan, Christopher McDonald, Alastair Henry, Basim Dawoud, Anusha Hennedige, Raghav Kulkarni, Greg Logan, Rebecca Exley, Kayleigh Gilbert, Panos Kyzas, Roderick Morrison, James McCaul
British Dental Journal
Clinical features and presentation of cervicofacial infection: a Maxillofacial Trainee Research Collaborative (MTReC) study
A. Henry, B. Dawoud, S. Kent, C. McDonald, G. Logan, A. Hennedige, R. Exely, A. Regan, R. Kulkarni, K. Gilbert, S. Basyuni, D. Young, P. Kyzas, R. Morrison, J. McCaul, Kapil Java, Ashwin Keria, Teresa Ng, Alex Kawalec, Siddharth Gowrishankar, Jamie Grant, Ross Elledge, Annesh Mohindra, Ramachandra Madattigowda, Rory O’Connor, Ben Tudor-Green, Milan Tavakoli, Montey Garg, Jonathan Wareing, Catherine Wicks, Oliver Mitchell, Marwa Maarouf, Priya Chohan, Rachel Otukoya, Eiling Wu, Saadia Farooq, Sharonjeet Uppal, Syca Shaheen, Nagarjuna Reedy, Gauri Vithlani, Charlotte Underwood, Aoife Swain, Esther Brewer, Helen Cashman, Sam Wareing, Hudson King, Sam Stevenson, Tim Collins, Rhodri Davies, Gabriele Baniulyte, Melanie Watson, Susan Murray, Dirk Brandsma, Ellis Stiles, Laurie Davies, Baljeet Nandra, Samuel King, Mark Christopher
British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
“Dental Cluster” Versus “Metabolic Cluster”: Analyzing the Associations of Planned and Delivered Dental Procedures with Metabolic Syndrome, Utilizing Data from the Dental, Oral, Medical Epidemiological (DOME) Cross-Sectional Record-Based Nationwide Study
Itzhak Abramovitz, Avraham Zini, Pablo Pribluda, Ron Kedem, Dorit Zur, Noam Protter, Galit Almoznino
The effects of cigarette smoking on the salivary and tongue microbiome
Nao Suzuki, Yoshio Nakano, Masahiro Yoneda, Takao Hirofuji, Takashi Hanioka
Clinical and Experimental Dental Research
Oral Health among Adult Residents in Vilnius, Lithuania
Milda Vitosyte, Alina Puriene, Indre Stankeviciene, Arunas Rimkevicius, Rita Trumpaite-Vanagiene, Jolanta Aleksejuniene, Lina Stangvaltaite-Mouhat
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Title IgA Nephropathy and Oral Bacterial Species Related to Dental Caries and Periodontitis
Yasuyuki Nagasawa, Taro Misaki, Seigo Ito, Shuhei Naka, Kaoruko Wato, Ryota Nomura, Michiyo Matsumoto-Nakano, Kazuhiko Nakano
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Factors Associated with Tooth Loss in General Population of Bialystok, Poland
Katarzyna Gabiec, Joanna Bagińska, Wojciech Łaguna, Ewa Rodakowska, Inga Kamińska, Zofia Stachurska, Marlena Dubatówka, Marcin Kondraciuk, Karol Kamiński
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Dental Caries and Oral Health Status of Psychoactive Substance Abusers
Rashmi Bhavsar, Vandana Shah, Namratha Ajith, Kinjal Shah, Ahmed Al-amoudi, Hammam Bahammam, Sarah Bahammam, Bassam Zidane, Nassreen Albar, Shilpa Bhandi, A. Raj, Shankargouda Patil
International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Dental caries: Impact of tobacco product among tobacco chewers and tobacco smokers
Vidya Doddawad, S. Shivananda, Navia Paul, J. Chandrakala
Journal of Oral Biology and Craniofacial Research
Association of combustible and non‐combustible tobacco use with clinically diagnosed adverse oral health outcomes among US adults, National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (2009–2014)
Onyema Chido‐Amajuoyi, Onyinye Omega‐Njemnobi, Chimuanya Okoli, Chamberline Ozigbu, Ibeawuchi Okoroafor, Nnabuchi Anikpezie, Satomi Odani, Israel Agaku
Drug and Alcohol Review
Sociodemographic Changes and Oral Health Inequities: Dental Workforce Considerations
M.R. Inglehart, J. Albino, J.S. Feine, C. Okunseri
JDR Clinical & Translational Research
Health‐risk behaviours co‐occur among children with untreated caries
Nastaran Nouraei, Wael Sabbah
International Journal of Dental Hygiene
Oral health among adults aged ≥45 years in India: Exploring prevalence, correlates and patterns of oral morbidity from LASI wave-1
Shishirendu Ghosal, Abhinav Sinha, Sushmita Kerketta, Ardhendu Acharya, Srikanta Kanungo, Sanghamitra Pati
Clinical Epidemiology and Global Health
Family Influences on the Dental Caries Status of Children with Special Health Care Needs: A Systematic Review
Diyana Anwar, Yusof Mohd, Mas Ahmad, Sabri Md
Effects of tobacco product use on oral health and the role of oral healthcare providers in cessation: A narrative review
Sangeeta Gajendra, Scott McIntosh, Sucharu Ghosh
Tobacco Induced Diseases