REVIEW PAPER
 
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
The consumption of heated tobacco products (HTPs) is increasing among adolescents worldwide. Although suicide and HTP use are linked, the association between suicide-related behavior, HTP use, and indirect smoking exposure are not yet properly studied. This study examined the association of HTP use and exposure to secondhand smoke (SHS) with suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts among South Korean adolescents.

Methods:
Data from 57303 respondents (95.3% response rate) were obtained from the 2019 Korean Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey. Chi-squared tests and multivariable logistic regression analyses were used to examine the association of HTP use and SHS exposure with suicidal ideation, suicide plans, and suicide attempts among adolescents. Multivariable logistic regression analyses included: Model 1, which was adjusted for demographic characteristics such as sex, school type, perceived school performance, economic status, and residence type; and Model 2, which was adjusted for demographics, depression, and drug use.

Results:
The risk of suicidal ideation was 1.37 (95% CI: 1.10–1.70) and 1.44 (95% CI: 1.18–1.75) times higher among HTP users who were exposed to SHS at home and at public places, respectively, compared to non-users. The risk of suicide attempts was 1.88 (95% CI: 1.37–2.57), 1.45 (95% CI: 1.63–2.00), and 2.21 (95% CI: 1.63–3.00) times higher among HTP users exposed to SHS at home, school, and at public places, respectively.

Conclusions:
HTP use, and SHS exposure are likely indicators of risk behaviors. Our findings suggest possible directions for initiating, implementing, and evaluating programs and services to monitor HTP use and SHS exposure among Korean adolescents.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
The authors have completed and submitted the ICMJE Form for Disclosure of Potential Conflicts of Interest and none was reported.
ETHICAL APPROVAL AND INFORMED CONSENT
This study was approved by the Institutional Review Board of the Catholic University of Korea (approval no. MC20ZESI0102, 11 September 2020). Informed consent was not required as the data used were from an existing database.
DATA AVAILABILITY
The data supporting this study are available at the following link http://www.kdca.go.kr/yhs/home.jsp. Data were obtained from the 2019 KYRBWS, which has been conducted annually by the Korea Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (KCDC).
AUTHORS' CONTRIBUTIONS
SP designed the study under the direction of KSL. SP gathered descriptive statistics and conducted the statistical analyses under the guidance of KSL. SP wrote the first draft of the manuscript that was subsequently reviewed and edited. SP and KSL have read and approved the final manuscript.
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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