RESEARCH PAPER
Anti-apoptotic effect of the Shh signaling pathway in cigarette smoke extract induced MLE 12 apoptosis
Jinhua Li 1, 2, 3
,  
Dandan Zong 1, 2, 3
,  
Yan Chen 1, 2, 3  
,  
Ping Chen 1, 2, 3  
 
 
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1
Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, China
2
Research Unit of Respiratory Disease, Central South University, Changsha, China
3
Diagnosis and Treatment Center of Respiratory Disease, Central South University, Changsha, China
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Yan Chen   

Department of Respiratory Medicine, the Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, China
Ping Chen   

Department of Respiratory Medicine, The Second Xiangya Hospital, Central South University, Changsha, Hunan 410011, China
Publish date: 2019-06-06
 
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2019;17(June):49
KEYWORDS
TOPICS
ABSTRACT
Introduction:
Many studies have shown that COPD is associated with apoptosis of bronchial or alveolar epithelial cells. Alveolar type II epithelial cells (AECII) play an important role in the pathogenetic process. Cigarette smoke extract (CSE) can induce apoptosis of AECII. The Sonic hedgehog (Shh) pathway is involved in many adult lung diseases. We aimed to verify the anti-apoptotic effect of Shh in the AECII apoptosis induced by CSE.

Methods:
Mouse lung epithelial type II cells, MLE 12, were treated by 5% CSE for 24 hours. Apoptosis was measured using flow cytometry and expression of the anti-apoptotic factor BCL-2. The role of the hedgehog pathway in cell apoptosis was assessed by real-time RT-PCT and western blotting to measure the expression of Sonic hedgehog, Patched 1, and Gli1. Recombinant mouse Sonic hedgehog was used to overexpress the Shh pathway.

Results:
CSE could induce MLE 12 apoptosis. Sonic hedgehog, Patched 1 and the Gli1 were decreased in the CSE induced MLE 12 apoptosis. Overexpression Shh could partially reverse the CSE induced apoptosis.

Conclusions:
Activation of the Shh pathway may relieve the CSE induced MLE 12 apoptosis.

CONFLICTS OF INTEREST
The authors have completed and submitted an ICMJE form for disclosure of potential conflicts of interest and they declare that they have no competing interests, financial or otherwise, related to the current work. All the authors report grants from National Natural Science Foundation of China and grants from Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China, during the conduct of the study.
FUNDING
This work was supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (81800045) and Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province, China (2018JJ3747).
PROVENANCE AND PEER REVIEW
Not commissioned; externally peer reviewed.
 
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