RESEARCH PAPER
An exploratory analysis of the impact of a university campus smoking ban on staff and student smoking habits in Japan
 
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1
Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Welfare Science, Nayoro City University, Nayoro, Japan
2
Department of Liberal Arts Education, Faculty of Health and Welfare Science, Nayoro City University, Nayoro, Japan
3
School of Nursing Science, Asahikawa Medical University, Midorigaoka, Japan
CORRESPONDING AUTHOR
Hiroki Ohmi   

Department of Nutritional Sciences, Faculty of Health and Welfare Science, Nayoro City University, W4-N8, Nayoro 096-8641, Hokkaido, Japan
Publication date: 2013-09-15
 
Tobacco Induced Diseases 2013;11(September):19
 
KEYWORDS
ABSTRACT
Background:
Smoking bans in public places have been shown to have an impact on smoking habits, however the potential influence of a university smoking ban on faculty and staff smoking habits remains elusive.

Methods:
This cross sectional study was implemented in Nayoro City, Japan in 2011, among the faculty and students of the Nayoro City University. Five years after the declaration of a total ban on smoking on a university campus, the smoking characteristics of all students, teachers and office workers, and the policy’s impact on smokers were investigated. The survey was conducted through an anonymous, self-administered, multiple-choice questionnaire. Information was gathered on the characteristics and smoking characteristics of respondents, and the smokers attitudes toward smoking.

Results:
The recovery rate was 62.1%. Among respondents, smoking prevalence was 17.9% in teachers and office workers, and 4.0% in students. Among all smokers, 46.4% did not abstain from smoking while at the university and they indicated their smoking areas were “on the streets next to the campus”: 16 and “outdoors on campus”: 3, respectively. As for smokers, 29.6% of them reduced the number of cigarettes smoked per day as a result of the smoking ban. None of the ex-smokers replied that their principal motivation for quitting smoking was the smoking ban.

Conclusions:
The ban on smoking served a motivator for smokers to reduce in smoking, but not serve as an effective motivator to quit smoking.

 
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