RESEARCH PAPER
A bibliometric analysis of clinical study literature of traditional Chinese medicine therapies for smoking cessation
Jian-Hua Wang 1
,  
Mei Wang 2
,  
Shu-Chun Liu 3
,  
Xiao-Feng Du 3
,  
Mei Han 4
,  
Jun-Feng Liu 3
,  
Wei Qin 3
,  
Bin Chen 3
,  
 
 
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1
Science and Technology Department, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shenyang 110847, China
2
School of Preclinical Medicine, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shenyang 110847, China
3
Medical Library, Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Shenyang 110847, China
4
Centre for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China
5
International Forum on Integrative Medicine
Publish date: 2018-04-20
 
Tob. Induc. Dis. 2018;16(April):15
KEYWORDS:
TOPICS:
ABSTRACT:
Introduction:
Traditional Chinese medicine (TCM) is commonly used for smoking cessation in China. The aim of this study is to perform a comprehensive literature search to identify clinical studies on TCM therapies for smoking cessation.

Methods:
Publications of randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical studies, cohort studies, case-control studies, case series and case reports, reviews and cross-sectional studies on smoking cessation using TCM therapies were retrieved from seven databases from their inception to February 2017. The following data were extracted and analyzed: study type, year of publication, language, country or region, journals, participants, intervention and comparison, and outcome.

Results:
In total, 260 publications on TCM therapies for smoking cessation were identified from 1980 to 2016, including 52 randomized clinical trials, 7 controlled clinical studies, 1 cohort study, 110 case series, 18 case reports, 50 narrative reviews, 17 systematic reviews, and 5 cross-sectional studies. Of these, 68.5% (178) were published in Chinese and the remaining published in English. Mainland China (n=129, 49.6%) was the leading country in this field, followed by USA (n=27, 10.4%) and UK (n=25, 9.6%). A total of 36 645 participants from 40 countries with age ranging from 12 to 86 years were involved in 188 clinical studies (excluding reviews and cross-sectional studies). The most commonly reported therapies were auricular acupressure (25, 13.3%), body acupuncture (14, 7.4%), and body acupuncture plus auricular acupressure (14, 7.4%). Composite outcomes were most frequently reported (110, 58.5%).

Conclusions:
A substantial number of clinical studies have been conducted and published on TCM therapy for smoking cessation, mainly focusing on acupuncture stimulation techniques. The findings suggest that future research should pay more attention to acupuncture for smoking cessation.

CORRESPONDING AUTHOR:
Jian-Ping Liu   
Centre for Evidence-Based Chinese Medicine, Beijing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, 11 Bei San Huan Dong Lu, Chaoyang District, Beijing 100029, China
 
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